The almond tree


The almond tree

The almond tree is a species of plant of the Rodidae family that is often included in the genus Proumni. The most common species is Proumni, the sweetness that grows in almost all the hot and dry areas of the Mediterranean zone where it has been cultivated since ancient times. It is a deciduous tree with a height of 4 to 12 meters, trunk up to 30 cm in diameter and leaves elliptical, lanceolate and toothed.


The almond tree has a great resistance to drought, however there are varieties that are more or less resistant (such as the Retsou variety). Favorable soil types are proportional to the type of subject on which the Almond Tree is inoculated. In general, however, the almond tree grows in almost all types of soils, even in stony and steep soils. The most ideal climatic conditions for the cultivation of the almond tree are the Mediterranean ones with the following peculiarities: short autumn, rainy and cold winter without particularly low temperatures, spring that immediately follows the winter, without frosts from the moment the eyes swell if the eyes are hot, summer and autumn without rain.


The flowers are white or pink, extend before the leaves and are solitary or in pairs. Thanks to the early flowering, the density of the flowers on the branches, which are not hidden by the leaves and the whiteness of its petals, the almond tree is considered a remarkable ornamental tree. The cultivated almond varieties are self-sterile (not self-pollinating) and some are incompatible with each other (they are not inter-fertilized), so a serious problem for the grower is the pollination of the almond-based almond, especially the bees.