The almond tree

The Almond tree is a species of plant family of rosacea sometimes included in the genus Proumni. The commonest type is the sweet Proumni that grows in almost all the hot and dry regions of Paramesogeiaki zone where it is cultivated since ancient times. It is a deciduous tree with a height of 4 to 12 meters, trunk diameter up to 30 cm and oval leaves, lanceolate and serrated.



The almond tree has enormous resistance to drought, but there are varieties more or less resistant (such as variety Retsos). Favourable soil types are proportionate to the nature of the subject upon which inoculated the Almond. But General almond makes almost all types of land, even in rocky and steep terrain. The ideal climatic conditions for the cultivation of the almond tree is the Mediterranean with the following peculiarities: short autumn rainy and chilly winter without particularly low theromokrasies spring directly succeeds the winter without frost from the moment you rise the eyes, warm and dry summer and autumn without rain.



The flowers are white or pink, for deploying before the leaves and solitary or in pairs. Thanks to the earliness of flowering, the density of flowers onto the branches, not hidden by the leaves and the whiteness of its petals, almond seen as a valuable ornamental tree. The cultivated varieties of almond aftosteires (not self-fertile), and some are incompatible with each other (not through cross), so a serious problem for the farmer is pollination of almond-based insects, especially bees.

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